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Visiting Cumberland County Historical Society Museum to Learn About Regional History

I’ve been to many great historical society museums in Pennsylvania, but few have been quite like the Cumberland County Historical Society Museum in Carlisle. Formed in the 1870s, the historical society has grown out of its original building to encompass newer construction that blends naturally with the historic buildings in the heart of the downtown area.

This combination of a large, modern museum in the heart of the downtown historic district puts the Cumberland County Historical Society Museum into a very small class, with the York Heritage Center being one of the few similar ones to come to mind.

Ultimately, though, while a good location and modern facilities are great, what matters with a historical society museum is whether they do a good job telling the story of the region and its place in the world. And fortunately, the Cumberland County Historical Society Museum does both, with the benefits of having modern and approachable exhibits.

Most of the museum’s 5,000 square feet of exhibit space are located on the second floor of the facility, with the first floor reserved for the historical society library, a large meeting room, and a small temporary exhibition gallery (more on this later).

The museum starts with a great map of Cumberland County that showcases major towns and a few points of interest in the county. In addition to being a great way to get your bearings on the geography of the county, it also has a few interesting tidbits that I’m hoping to research in the future.

Cumberland County, PA map at the Cumberland County Historical Society Museum
This map of Cumberland County greets visitors to the museum space and provides interesting information on the county.

Next, the museum features a timeline of Cumberland County events, alongside national and world events. There is also an excellent picture gallery with historic photos taken from all over the county. I’m told that this is a very small sampling of the thousands of photos in their archives.

All of the galleries are well laid out, but there were a few galleries and pieces that caught my attention and make the museum worth visiting for both locals and visitors alike.

The first was the section regarding the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. From 1879-1918, the Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the premier Native American boarding school in the United States. Children from all over the country would be sent to Carlisle to not only learn, but also be to assimilated into American culture.

In modern times, the school has been criticized by some, but the museum does a good job of displaying information on the school without taking sides on the issue. One major focus of the exhibit is on several of the athletes that emerged from the school, most notably Jim Thorpe. Thorpe has been called the greatest athlete of the first half of the 20th century, and won several medals in the 1912 Olympics. I personally found the baseball signed by Thorpe to be of particular interest.

Carlisle Indian Industrial School artifacts in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
The museum has a great collection of artifacts from the Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Another interesting exhibit in the museum is their collection of Schimmel Carvings. These folk art carvings done by Wilhelm Schimmel were made in the 1920s and are quite popular and valuable. The museum has roughly 15-20 carvings on display, and it was great to see their quality and beauty up close.

I also found a few items in the museum’s military collection to be of note.

While all historical society museums have a military exhibit, several of the pieces here are very unique to the Carlisle area. The first piece that caught my eye was a pitcher owned by Mary Ludwig Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher. While this isn’t a pitcher that she used to tend to soldiers on the Revolutionary War battlefields, it is neat that it was owned by this local heroine.

Molly Pitcher Mural on the side of a building in Carlisle PA
A mural of local scenes and heros painted on a wall next to the historical society museum.

I also enjoyed the small section of information on the World War II Prison of War Camp, Camp Michaux. This little-known camp housed German POWs from 1943 until the end of the war. While the exhibition of this camp is small, it was still interesting to learn more about this hidden piece of local history.

The second floor also contains a temporary exhibition gallery. Currently focusing on the 1960s, it features local items from that time period, as well as many pieces that give an idea of what life was like during the 1960s and pieces that cover the decade’s history.

Cumberland County Historical Society Museum in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
A portion of the Cumberland County Historical Society Museum.

The temporary exhibition spaces upstairs and downstairs both cover the same subject, but have different artifacts, so make sure to check out both when visiting. The exhibits change twice each year, with new exhibitions beginning in March, and holiday exhibits beginning in November.

In addition to the main museum, the Cumberland County Historical Society also operates a gift shop and children’s interactive area, known as the History on Hight, just around the corner. The gift shop carries a variety of local crafts and related books and makes a great stop for anyone looking for a unique gift.

The abandoned Odd Fellow Hall in Carlisle PA
This long-shuttered Odd Fellows Hall sits two stories above the History on High store.

On the third floor of this building, you’ll find a long-shuttered Odd Fellows Hall, which is one of the most incredible rooms I’ve seen in all of PA. Tours of this area are offered several times a year.

Overall, I really enjoyed my visit to the Cumberland County Historical Society Museum. Without a doubt, it is one of the highest quality and best-curated historical society museums that I’ve visited in Pennsylvania. Considering that they don’t charge for museum admission or kids’ activities, there’s little reason to not stop here during your travels through Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.

Cumberland County Historical Society Museum

Museum Hours: 
Tuesday-Friday: 10am-4pm
Saturday: 10am-2pm

Sunday-Monday: Closed
Gift Shop: Same as museum

Cost: Free

Website: HistoricalSociety.com

Address: 21 N Pitt St
Carlisle, PA 17013


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